General facts of Hyderabad, India
Hyderabad city is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, in the region of Telangana.
It lies on the Deccan Plateau, 541 meters (1776 ft) above sea level, over an area of 625 km² (244 mile²).
The city has an estimated population of around 8 million, making it 4th largest city in India , while the population of the metropolitan area was estimated above 9 million. Religiously and culturally, the city is united with Hindus, Muslims and Christians.
Hyderabad city is known for its rich history, food and its multi-lingual culture, both geographically and culturally.
Founded in the year 1591 by fifth Qutb Shahi Ruler Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah.
The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Now known as the historic old city, home to the Charminar, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmallah Palace and Makkah Masjid, it lies on the southern bank of the river.
Hyderabad and Secunderabad are twin cities, separated by the Husain Sagar (bound by the ‘Tank Bund’), a man made lake made during the time of Ibrahim Qutb Shah in 1562.
|Name of the city:||Hyderabad|
|Name of the state:||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana|
|Area:||625 km² (241 sq mi)|
|Time Zone:||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Distance(s):||From Delhi – 1499 km
From Mumbai – 711 km
From Bangalore – 562 km
From Chennai – 688 km
From Kolkatta – 1516 km
|Founder:||Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
Fifth Qutb Shahi Ruler
|Population:||12 million (Year 2014)|
|Country code of India:||0091 or +91|
|City code / STD code of Hyderabad:||040|
|Languages:||Urdu, Telugu, Hindi and English|
|Currency of Hyderabad India:||Indian Rupees|
There are four languages in Hyderabad: Hindi, Deccani-Urdu, Telugu and English. English is the language of business and administration, and is widely spoken and understood. Most Hyderabadis are bilingual, and speak their mother tongue as well as English.
With this mixture of people, Hyderabad is also a mixture of religions. Hyderabad’s skyline boasts the distinctive minarets of mosques, intricate figurines of Hindu temple gods, beautiful Churches and distinctive architecture of Gurudwaras. The main religions are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism.
Hyderabad is a heaven for “Food Lovers”. Hyderabad is incomplete without talking about its food – a rich blend of royal Mughlai flavours, Nizams special, and spice-up culinary traditions of South India.
Must eat dishes in Hyderabad are: Hyderabadi Biryani, Pathar-ka-Ghosht,Nahari,Haleem,Double-ka-Meetha,Khubani-ka-Meetha,Seviyon-ka-Meetha,Kheer
What makes Hyderabad such a special destination is its multi-cultural mix of people.
Hyderabad has a well-founded reputation as one of the safest cities in the world. Crime rates are very low and the streets are safe to walk in any time of the day or night. However, I do recommend that visitors to my city take the normal precaution of keeping their valuables in a safe place at all times.
The Andhra Pradesh Government has and will continue to be vigilant in ensuring that Hyderabad remains safe. It has stepped up security measures at key installations and other sensitive places. The Government has also made it known that extremism originating from religion or race has no place in Hyderabad and it will not hesitate to take action against any extremist or terrorist groups or individuals.
Hyderabad’s multicultural population is reflected in the wide variety of excellent restaurants offering a diversity of cuisine from around the world.
Minimum age is 18 years with a valid state/provincial driver’s license. An international driver’s license is required for visits beyond one month. Cars are right-hand drive; driven on the left-hand side of the road.
According to law, you must have your passport with you at all times. To check into a hotel you must show your passport to the hotel clerk and fill out a form with your passport and visa information. If the police ask to see your passport, you must show it to them. They have the right to ask you for it at any time, for no reason.
Smoking is prohibited in public buses, elevators, theaters, cinemas, air-conditioned restaurants, shopping centers and government offices.
Hyderabad has a moderate temperature ranging from 15 to 40 degrees. Light and summer clothing made from natural fabrics like cotton is best for everyday wear. Casual dress is acceptable for most situations and occasions but some establishments may require a more formal dress code. It is always advisable to check beforehand on dress regulations, if any.
1. Don’t overload your plate, you are expected to finish everything.
2. Never put objects on a temple or someone’s personal altar in their home or on sacred items, such as a religious book.
3. Never point the soles of your feet towards an altar in a temple, other people, or holy sites.
4. Remove your shoes when entering someone’s home, even if they tell you it is all right to wear your shoes. It is almost never all right.
5. Don’t take photograph without permission.
American Express, Diners Club, Mastercard and Visa are widely accepted.
In you are well dressed, you will usually be treated better in Hyderabad – India, especially when you are doing official business. When going to religious places you should dress very conservatively.
Hyderabad is the center of telecommunications in India with 24-hour telex, international direct dial (IDD) telephone, telegram and facsimile services. Telephone country code is +91 and city code is 040. There are many telephone service providers – AirTel, Idea, Reliance, Vodafone and BSNL.
Shops open from 10am to 9pm daily. You needn’t keep a sharp eye on your watch when you’re shopping in Hyderabad. Our city also enjoys the reputation of being one of the safest places to be in, so provided basic precautions are taken, you can have peace of mind to shop and walk around well into the night.