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HYDERABAD HISTORY

400 Years Rich History of Hyderabad

History of Hyderabad is inextricably linked with the rise and fall of various kingdoms, Qutb Shahi to Asaf Jahi (Nizams), which flourished in the Deccan region during the medieval and modern times. It was the famous Qutb Shahi’s rule that opened a glorious chapter in the chronicles of Hyderabad.

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Founder of Hyderabad, Fifth ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty (Accession 1580 – Death 1612)

The birth of a city

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, a ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, was the founder of Hyderabad City. In the year 1591, when the Moon was in the constellation of Leo, Jupiter in its own abode and all celestial planets favourably placed, he laid the foundation of a new city which he called Bhagyanagar after his beloved queen ‘Bhagmati’. Bhagmati embraced Islam and took the name Hyder Mahal and consequently Bhagynagar was renamed Hyderabad after her.

Prayer which Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah prayed
when he laid the foundation of the Hyderabad city.

Translated from Urdu
Listen to this prayer O Lord!
Bless my days and nights with contentment, O Lord!
Make Thou my country prosperous and populous,
And grant me a hundred years to live, O Lord!
Among all the thrones let my throne be
Like the gem that adorns a ring, O Lord!
Fill this city with people
As Thou hast filled the ocean with fish, O Lord!

City of Love

The fourteen year old crown Sultan of Golconda, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah was madly in love with beautiful Hindu courtesan ‘Bhagmati’, a local dancer. Every evening, the Prince of Golconda would ride to the village of Chichlam across Musi river, to meet his beloved, for he couldn’t live without watching her dance, and listening to her soulful voice.

Legend has it that once heavy rains and thunderstorm lashed Golconda and the city was devastated. Flood water of the Musi river destroyed many homes and lives.

Young Sultan of Golconda, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah was worried for Bhagmati, so he decided to cross the flooded river to meet her. His Royal guards tried to stop him as it was very dangerous for the young sultan, but in vain. Prince rode to the shore of the Musi river. He coerced his horse to step into the river and as soon as it did, a furious current nearly swept it away. It was a miracle that both survived and reached the other end.

After crossing the Musi river, Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah rode towards the Chichlam village; he found many homes and lives were destroyed, he was searching for Bhagmati all the way and was praying for her safety.

Prince of Golconda found Bhagmati alive and felt happy after meeting her. After storm subsided, Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah and Bhagmati left for Golconda.

When Sultan Ibrahim, the father of the young Sultan heard this tale of dangerous passion, he was alarmed and forbade Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah from meeting Bhagmati. Young Sultan was miserable without her. Beautiful women from Armenia, Persia, Arab and different parts of India were brought to entertain the prince, but none could attract his attention away from his beloved ‘Bhagmati’.

Sultan Ibrahim found that his son loved only Bhagmati and no one else, no matter how beautiful she was. After seeing so much love for Bhagmati, Sultan Ibrahim constructed the Purana Pul (Old Bridge) – a massive stone bridge across the Musi River, to make it easy for the young Sultan to reach Chichlam tomeet his beloved.

The romance of the crown Prince with a dancer evoked great curiosity and controversy in Golconda. The fact that the Bhagmati was a Hindu courtesan and much older than the prince, created quite a uproar in the court. The orthodox society was not ready to accept her as queen of Golconda. After ascending the throne, Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah defied all traditions,married Bhagmati, and made her his queen. He re-christened her Hyder Mahal, and named the city Hyderabad in honour of her.

Hyderabad Tourist Attractions

OHyderabad can very well be called a tourists’ paradise. The tourist attractions in Hyderabad are worth the visit. There are many places of interest for tourists, in Hyderabad. Not only are the tourist attractions places of historical interest, but also are strikingly picturesque. So if you want to soothe your eyes with the scenic view of an old monument against the backdrop of an evening sky with the flavor of local food tickling your taste buds, come and visit the famous tourist attractions of Hyderabad.

Hyderabad History during Qutb Shahi rule

Qutb Shahi Kings – Rulers of the Deccan
1518 – 1687

The Qutb Shahi Kings were rulers between 1518 and 1687. As the monuments of their time reveal, they were great builders, lovers of architecture and patrons of learning. The greatest and the most popular edifice of the time is the Charminar. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, inherited a rich legacy – a prosperous and large kingdom with the densely populated capital of Golconda.

Eight Qutb Shahi Rulers

I. Sultan Quli Qutbul Mulk

SultanQuliQutbMulk

SultanQuliQutbMulk

 

 

 1518 – 1543

Founder and first ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

 

II. Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah

JamsheedQuliQutbShah

JamsheedQuliQutbShah\

 

   1543 – 1550

Second ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

III. Subhan Quli Qutb Shah

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 1550
Third king of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

 

IV. Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah

Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah

Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah

 

1550 – 1580

Fourth ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

V. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah

 

 

1580 – 1612

Fifth ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty & Founder of Hyderabad City

 

VI. Muhammad Qutb Shah

Muhammad Qutb Shah

Muhammad Qutb Shah

 

1612 – 1626
Sixth ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

VII. Abdullah Qutb Shahi

Abdullah Qutb Shahi

Abdullah Qutb Shahi

 

 

1626 – 1672
Seventh ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

VIII. Abul Hasan Tana Shah

 Abul Hasan Tana Shah

Abul Hasan Tana Shah

 

 1672 – 1687
Eighth & last ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

Hyderabad History during Mughal Attack

 Mughal Attack

 Fall of Qutub Shahi and the rise of Asaf Jahis

 

Abul Hasan Tana Shah was the last king of Golconda. It was during his reign that the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb after a siege of 8 months was able to storm into the fortress when the gates were opened by a traitor in 1687. Abul Hasan was taken prisoner first to Bidar and then to Daulatabad (Aurangabad) where he died in prison after 12 years of captivity.

On September 22, 1687, Golconda was conquered by Aurangzeb and became a part of the six Mughal provinces in the Deccan. Mahabat Khan who was initially the Commander of the Golconda army, switched sides and joined the Mughal camp. He was appointed the Governor of Golconda-Hyderabad state, by Aurangzeb.

Golconda-Fort, Hyderabad

Golconda-Fort

Though Aurangzeb tried to consolidate his authority over Hyderabad, the city began to lose its importance. The final nail was struck when the capital of the new province was shifted from Hyderabad to Aurangabad, which became the new headquarters of the Mughals in the Deccan.

In 1713, the Mughal Emperor, Farruksiyar, appointed a twenty six year old warrior Qamaruddin as the new Governor of Deccan. Qamruddin was the grandson of Chin Qilij Khan, Aurangzeb’s brave commander who lost his life during the siege of Golconda. The young Governor proved to be an able administrator and earned the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk or the Governor of the Kingdom.

In October 1724, Nizam-ul-Mulk declared himself Subedar or Governor of thesix Deccan provinces – Aurangabad, Bidar, Bijapur, Berar, Adilabad and Hyderabad.

Between the fall of the Qutub Shahi dynasty and the rise of the Asaf Jahis dynasty, the city of Hyderabad steadily deteriorated. Aurangzeb’s only contribution to the city was the completion of the Mecca Masjid in 1693. In 1763, after a gap of nearly seventy six years Hyderabad regained its lost glory when Nizam Ali Khan, the second Asaf Jahi ruler moved the capital backfrom Aurangabad to Hyderabad.

Seven Asaf Jah Rulers – Seven Nizams

Mir Qamaruddin Chin Qilij Khan

I. Mir Qamaruddin Chin Qilij Khan
1724 – 1748

Founder and first ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula -nizam Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula Asaf Jah V - Nizam V

V. Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula – Nizam V

1857 – 1869
Fifth ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah II

II. Nizam Ali Khan – Nizam II
1762 – 1803
Second ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Mir Mahboob Ali Khan Nizam VI

VI. Mir Mahboob Ali Khan – Nizam VI

1869 – 1911
Sixth ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah - Nizam III

III. Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah – Nizam III
1803 – 1829
Third ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Mir Osman Ali Khan
Asaf Jah VII - Nizam VII

VII. Mir Osman Ali Khan – Nizam VII
1911 – 1948
Seventh and last ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Nizam IV

IV. Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-Daula – Nizam IV

1829 – 1857
Fourth ruler of Asaf Jahi Dynasty

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